Don’t be bothered by the big name. Chances are high that the pain you are having right now might be as a result of pericoronitis. This condition is worthy of being discussed because of its potential to spread to other parts of the head and neck and it can be life-threatening.

Do you experience bad taste from the gum surrounding your wisdom tooth/teeth?

Do you experience continuous pain from around your wisdom tooth/teeth. Read on to learn more about this common dental condition.

Pericoronitis is simply the inflammation of the gum tissue around the crown of a tooth, usually the wisdom tooth. it occurs when the wisdom tooth is not fully erupted through the gum.

CLASSIFICATION

Generally, pericoronitis can be classified as Chronic and Acute.

In chronic cases, it is long-standing with mild pain. In some patients, there may be no symptoms.

In acute cases, pain is severe with associated fever, swelling and limitation in mouth opening.

CAUSES

It occurs when food or plaque gets stuck beneath the gum sorrounding the tooth. This, in turn, leads to irritation due to bacterial action. The irritation is further aggravated by mastication from the upper tooth. The infection can be so severe that it can spread to the neck, chest, cheeks.

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

  1. Pain can be mild initially and radiate to other parts of the oral cavity like the ear, throat, floor of the mouth, the joints and the posterior part of the lower jaw. As the condition worsens, the pain can become severe, disturbing sleep and making it difficult to chew.
  2. Loss of appetite
  3. There’s a sensation of bad taste in the mouth due to the leaking of pus from the gums.
  4. The lymph nodes are enlarged and may be tender.
  5. Fever
  6. There can be difficulty in mouth opening and swallowing
  7. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  8. The gum will appear swollen. Gum appears red and tender.

MANAGEMENT

Homemade remedy involves the use of warm water and salt to gargle, this reduces the infection and may be enough in mild cases.

In a mild to moderate cases, the dentist will prescribe drugs to reduce the pain. In severe cases, characterize by severe pain, limitation in mouth opening, painful swallowing, it is strongly advised you visit your dentist immediately without further delay.

Your dentist would have to take a radiograph to know the orientation of the wisdom tooth causing the pain.

After due assessment, your dentist may recommend surgical extraction of the tooth.

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